Authoring Plugins

Quick start

Using a template repository

Head over to plugin template repository on Github and click Use this template button.

Using skeleton project

Run composer create-project weirdan/psalm-plugin-skeleton:dev-master your-plugin-name to quickly bootstrap a new plugin project in your-plugin-name folder. Make sure you adjust namespaces in composer.json, Plugin.php and tests folder.

Stub files

Stub files provide a way to override third-party type information when you cannot add Psalm's extended docblocks to the upstream source files directly. By convention, stub files have .phpstub extension to avoid IDEs treating them as actual php code.

Generating stubs

Dev-require the library you want to tweak types for, e.g.

composer require --dev cakephp/chronos

Then generate the stubs

vendor/bin/psalm --generate-stubs=stubs/chronos.phpstub

Open the generated file and remove everything not related to the library you're stubbing. Tweak the docblocks to provide more accurate types.

Registering stub files

Skeleton/template project includes the code to register all .phpstub files from the stubs directory.

To register a stub file manually use Psalm\Plugin\RegistrationInterface::addStubFile().

Publishing your plugin on Packagist

Follow instructions on packagist.org under 'Publishing Packages' section.

Advanced topics

Starting from scratch

Composer-based plugin is a composer package which conforms to these requirements:

  1. Its type field is set to psalm-plugin
  2. It has extra.psalm.pluginClass subkey in its composer.json that reference an entry-point class that will be invoked to register the plugin into Psalm runtime.
  3. Entry-point class implements Psalm\Plugin\PluginEntryPointInterface

Psalm API

Plugins may implement one of (or more than one of) Psalm\Plugin\Hook\* interface(s).

<?php
class SomePlugin implements \Psalm\Plugin\Hook\AfterStatementAnalysisInterface
{
}

Psalm\Plugin\Hook\* offers the following interfaces that you can implement:

  • AfterAnalysisInterface - called after Psalm has completed its analysis. Use this hook if you want to do something with the analysis results.
  • AfterClassLikeAnalysisInterface - called after Psalm has completed its analysis of a given class.
  • AfterClassLikeExistenceCheckInterface - called after Psalm analyzes a reference to a class, interface or trait.
  • AfterClassLikeVisitInterface - called after Psalm crawls the parsed Abstract Syntax Tree for a class-like (class, interface, trait). Due to caching the AST is crawled the first time Psalm sees the file, and is only re-crawled if the file changes, the cache is cleared, or you're disabling cache with --no-cache/--no-reflection-cache. Use this if you want to collect or modify information about a class before Psalm begins its analysis.
  • AfterCodebasePopulatedInterface - called after Psalm has scanned necessary files and populated codebase data.
  • AfterEveryFunctionCallAnalysisInterface - called after Psalm evaluates any function call. Cannot influence the call further.
  • AfterExpressionAnalysisInterface - called after Psalm evaluates an expression.
  • AfterFunctionCallAnalysisInterface - called after Psalm evaluates a function call to any function defined within the project itself. Can alter the return type or perform modifications of the call.
  • AfterFunctionLikeAnalysisInterface - called after Psalm has completed its analysis of a given function-like.
  • AfterMethodCallAnalysisInterface - called after Psalm analyzes a method call.
  • AfterStatementAnalysisInterface - called after Psalm evaluates an statement.
  • BeforeAnalyzeFileInterface - called before Psalm analyzes a file.
  • FunctionExistenceProviderInterface - can be used to override Psalm's builtin function existence checks for one or more functions.
  • FunctionParamsProviderInterface.php - can be used to override Psalm's builtin function parameter lookup for one or more functions.
  • FunctionReturnTypeProviderInterface - can be used to override Psalm's builtin function return type lookup for one or more functions.
  • MethodExistenceProviderInterface - can be used to override Psalm's builtin method existence checks for one or more classes.
  • MethodParamsProviderInterface - can be used to override Psalm's builtin method parameter lookup for one or more classes.
  • MethodReturnTypeProviderInterface - can be used to override Psalm's builtin method return type lookup for one or more classes.
  • MethodVisibilityProviderInterface - can be used to override Psalm's builtin method visibility checks for one or more classes.
  • PropertyExistenceProviderInterface - can be used to override Psalm's builtin property existence checks for one or more classes.
  • PropertyTypeProviderInterface - can be used to override Psalm's builtin property type lookup for one or more classes.
  • PropertyVisibilityProviderInterface - can be used to override Psalm's builtin property visibility checks for one or more classes.

Here are a couple of example plugins: - StringChecker - checks class references in strings - PreventFloatAssignmentChecker - prevents assignment to floats - FunctionCasingChecker - checks that your functions and methods are correctly-cased

To ensure your plugin runs when Psalm does, add it to your config (not needed for composer-based plugins):

    <plugins>
        <plugin filename="src/plugins/SomePlugin.php" />
    </plugins>

You can also specify an absolute path to your plugin:

    <plugins>
        <plugin filename="/path/to/SomePlugin.php" />
    </plugins>

Type system

Understand how Psalm handles types by reading this guide.

Handling custom plugin issues

Plugins may sometimes need to emit their own issues (i.e. not emit one of the existing issues). If this is the case, they can emit an issue that extends Psalm\Issue\PluginIssue.

To suppress a custom plugin issue in docblocks you can just use its issue name (e.g. /** @psalm-suppress NoFloatAssignment */, but to suppress it in Psalm’s config you must use the pattern:

<PluginIssue name="NoFloatAssignment" errorLevel="suppress" />

You can also use more complex rules in the <issueHandler /> element, as you can with any other issue type e.g.

<PluginIssue name="NoFloatAssignment">
    <errorLevel type="suppress">
        <directory name="tests" />
    </errorLevel>
</PluginIssue>

Upgrading file-based plugin to composer-based version

Create new plugin project using skeleton, then pass the class name of you file-based plugin to registerHooksFromClass() method of the Psalm\Plugin\RegistrationInterface instance that was passed into your plugin entry point's __invoke() method. See the conversion example.