TaintedFile

This rule is emitted when user-controlled input can be passed into a sensitive file operation.

Risk

The risk here depends on the actual operation that contains user-controlled input, and how it is later on processed.

It could range from:

  • Creating files
  • Example: file_put_contents
  • Risk: Depending on the server configuration this may result in remote code execution. (e.g. writing a file in the web root)
  • Modifying files
  • Example: file_put_contents
  • Risk: Depending on the server configuration this may result in remote code execution. (e.g. modifying a PHP file)
  • Reading files
  • Example: file_get_contents
  • Risk: Sensitive data could be exposed from the filesystem. (e.g. config values, source code, user-submitted files)
  • Deleting files
  • Example: unlink
  • Risk: Denial of Service or potentially RCE. (e.g. deleting application code, removing a .htaccess file)

Example

<?php

$content = file_get_contents($_GET['header']);
echo $content;

Mitigations

Use an allowlist approach where possible to verify names on file operations.

Sanitize user-controlled filenames by stripping .., \ and /.

Further resources